标签 英语 下的文章

必修一 课文概要写作

高2021级新生暑假作业: 新学年,新希望!希望同学们在暑假里科学合理地安排好时间,为新学年的学习提前做好准备,为大家提供英语的暑期学习建议: ... 4) 自学必修一每个单元课文并拟写课文概要。

    虽然觉得写课文概要不太合理,但毕竟是暑期作业,还是得要做一做的。接下来让我们一起去看一看吧,Let's a go!

考情探索

    提供一篇350词以内的短文,要求考生基于该短文写出一篇60词左右的内容概要。(所选材料体裁没有限制,以说明文、议论文和记叙文为主)评分原则

    那么,在浏览完必修一所有课文以后,我们去看看高考的课文概要类型题的考情。

(一) 评分原则

  1.本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。

  2.评分时,先根据所写概要的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整档次,最后给分。

  3.词数少于40和多于80的,从总分中减去2分。

  4.评分时,应主要从以下四个方面考虑:

  (1)对原文要点的理解和呈现情况;

  (2)应用语法结构和词汇的准确性;

  (3)上下文的连贯性;

  (4)对各要点表达的独立性情况。

  5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个重要方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。

  6.如书写较差以致影响交际,可将分数降低一个档次。

(二)各档次的给分范围和要求

档次描述(概要写作)
第五档
(21~25)
-理解准确,涵盖全部要点。
-能准确使用相应的语法结构和词汇。
-有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使所完成的概要结构紧凑。
-完全使用自己的语言。
第四档
(16~20)
理解准确,涵盖绝大部分要点。
-所使用语法结构和词汇可能有些许错误,但完全不影响意义表达。
-比较有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使所完成的概要结构紧凑。
-有一个整句抄自原文。
第三档
(11~15)
-理解较为准确,涵盖大部分要点。
-所使用语法结构和词汇方面虽有些错误,但不影响意义表达。
-应用简单的语句间连接成分,使上下文内容连贯。
-出现两句整句抄自原文现象。
第二档
(6~10)
-理解有误差,仅涵盖半数要点。
-有些语法结构和词汇方面的错误,影响了意义的表达。
-较少使用语句间的连接成分,全文内容缺少连贯性。
-出现两句以上整句抄自原文现象。
第一档
(1~5)
-没有理解原文,造成概要内容与原文主题不符。
-有较多语法结构和词汇方面的错误,严重影响了意义的表达。
-缺乏语句间的连接成分,全文内容不连贯。
-多个句子抄自原文。
0白卷、内容太少无法评判或所写内容与所提供内容无关

附件: 应用文写作要求

档次描述(应用文写作)
第五档
(13~15)
完全完成了试题规定的任务。
-覆盖所有的内容要点。
-应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。
-语法结构和词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的语言运用能力。
-有效的使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。
完全达到了预期的写作目的。
第四档
(12~14)
完全完成了试题规定的任务。
-虽漏掉1,2个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。
-应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
-语法结构和词汇运用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构和词汇所致。
-应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文结构紧凑
达到了预期的写作目的
第三档
(7~9)
基本完成了试题规定的任务。
-虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。
-应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
-有一些语法结构和词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。
-应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯。
整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作的目的。
第二档
(4~6)
未适当完成试题规定的任务。
-漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。
-语法结构单调,词汇项目有限。
-有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。
-较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。信息未能清楚地传达给读者。
未完成试题规定的任务。
第一档
(1~3)
未完成试题规定的任务。
-明显漏掉主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未能理解试题要求。
-语法结构单调,词汇项目有限。
-较多语法结构和词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。
-缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。
信息未能传达给读者。
0未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。

实战演练

阅读下列短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要

短文略

Welcome Unit

Reading and Thinking

    Han Jing got to senior high school this year. But she felt a little anxious about a question that how to make a good first impression. To deal with the difficulty, she decided to ask net friend on School BBS for help. (42 Words)

Reading for Writing

    Ann and Thando, from various kinds of countries, got to senior high school in last year. Both of them are Grade 10 now and there are some students’ archives about themselves, which include their own personal information, personality, hometown, daily life, their habits and dreams. (45 Words)

Unit 1 Teenager Life

Reading and Thinking

    Adam is a freshman at his senior high school. He found there are a lot of difficulty in going to Grade 10 from Grade 9, such as courses that he wanted to take, extra-curricular activities he wanted to take part in and some learning methods that he should change. At last, he had a better understanding of learning - to get used to being responsible for a little more. (68 Words)

Reading for Writing

    Susan Luo, a nice person, wrote a letter to her friend that had been anxious about his/her friend Chen Lei. She told her that it is usual that teenagers like us are attracted to online communication and games. However, we are supposed to try some new hobbies, make some new friends, and concentrate on our school and family life. (59 Words)

Unit 2 Traveling Around

Reading and Thinking

    The tourism company is preparing some brochures about traveling packages around Peru. Let’s have a look. Peru is a country on the Pacific coast of South America with 3 main areas: land along the coast, the Andes Mountains, and the Amazon rainforest. If you are willing to ask for more information about them, you can contact the company at tourinfo#travellpery.org(Turn # into @). (61+2 Words)

Reading for Writing

    Richard, whose time here in China is going well, wrote an e-mail to Xiao Li. Over the Oct. holiday, he and his parents are willing to go to see the Terracotta Army which is located on Xi’an, China. By the way, they are also planning to visit Shanxi History Museum, Xi’an City Wall and a few other sights. What’s more, he is looking forward to hearing from Xiao Lei soon.

Terracotta Army

    Terracotta Army was founded when farmers discovered the tomb while they were digging a well. To everyone’s surprise, each statue has it own different face. So far, it hasn't been completed unearned. (70+34 Words)

Unit 3 Sports and Fitness

Reading and Thinking

    An organization decides to show “Living Legend of Sports”, who must can be learnt. The first is Lang Ping. As a player, she didn’t only bring honor and glory to her country, but also underwent a challenge both mentally and physically. The second is Michael Jordan. The player, who became known as “Air Jordan”, did well on basketball. His secret to success is learning from failures and to share success with others. You can send suggestions to LLS#sports.net(Turn # into @). (79+2 Words)

Reading for Writing

    In past, I tried many strange ways to lose weight, but I was going to be crazy. Luckily, This article I saw changed me a lot, it told me that we should be asking “Am I fit?” instead of asking “Am I fat?”. So I stopped looking for my short sides. Instead, being positive about myself becomes one of my motto, and it really helps me a lot. (70 Words)

Unit 4 Natural Disasters

Reading for Thinking

    Something strange happened in the Hebei for days, where the water in the wells rose and fell and various kinds of animals ran around in. But on 28 Jul. 1976, an earthquake suddenly happened, when people were asleep as usual. There was nothing but ruins. However, hope wasn’t lost. With the help of the government, the city started to revive, which shows people facing disaster must unify to stay positive and they can have brighter future. (76 Words)

Reading for Writing

    Strange things occurred in the countryside before the earthquake. Therefore, on 28 Jul. 1976, Tangshan was hit by an earthquake. More than 400,000 people were dead on injured. And the city was nearly ruined. However, soldiers and medical workers arrived and started rescuing and rebuilding work right after the quakes. Because of the government’s support and the people’s efforts, we built a new Tangshan. (65 Words)

Unit 5 Languages Around The World

Reading and Thinking

    Chinese writing system is one of the amazing part of culture. As everyone knows, it can date back hundreds of decades to the use of animal bones. In addition, the system developed in one direction with the time going by. Owing to this reason, whatever dialect the Chinese speak, they can still communicate in writing. Nowadays, it can be seen as an art form - Chinese Calligraphy. And this system is an interesting way for people to learn China’s culture. (79 Words)

Reading for Writing

    English learning ways are of great importance through school life, how can we have a better way to learn? First, in order to experience the felling of language, you can listen to English radio programs and repeat. Second, try communicating in your life, you will learn how to be polite and how to use vocabulary properly from conversations. Third, using the new vocabulary in dialogs, using is the best way to help you to keep them in your head. (79 Words)

只言片语

    以上12+1篇文章是在两天(伴随着一边玩的情况)内写的,也有出现过不想写去直接复制了课文的两句话的情况。毕竟是第一次尝试,能够走出勇敢写的一步是最好的。如果作为读者的您有一些建议,欢迎到评论区留言、探讨。谢谢!

可提供的建议:

  • 注意关联词的使用。概括要点时可以使用连接词,使脉络更加清楚。
  • 注意主题句(Topic Sentence)的使用与寻找。主题句可以帮助您确定主题、限制范围。同时,通过主题句,您可以使文章后面的叙述不跑题、不偏题,让逻辑更清晰。
  • 注意支持句(Supporting Sentence)的使用。支持句可以帮您更好的阐述主题句,就好像议论文中的论证一样,对主题句进行解释说明,使得您的文章更加丰富。
  • 注意结论句(Concluding Sentence)的使用。结论句通常用来表示段落的结束,同时帮您点出要点。但是,并非所有文章、段落都有总结句,可以视自己需要进行安排。
  • 写作前,通读全文,获取主旨大意,尽量不要偏题。
  • 抓住主旨大意之后,筛选主要信息。
  • 筛选主要信息后,提炼关键词句(常见关键词: but, so, important等等)。
  • 重理逻辑,合并信息。
  • 思想上原文为主,改编为辅。
  • 写作上变换原文的表达方式